The Russian Kaspersky Lab and AIA (Israel Aerospace Industries) have recently released their own versions of anti-drone systems. Both mechanisms aim to counter civilian drones that can be used for spying, harming people, or damaging industrial and civilian infrastructures. AIA’s ELI-4030 Drone Guard will also be used in the military.
The Russian UAV (Unmanned Aircraft Vehicle) countermeasure system was tested at the Chelyabinsk Tube Rolling Plant, one of the largest manufacturers of industrial pipes in the region. During the trial, the Kaspersky system successfully deflected unauthorized civilian drones sent purposefully to the industrial complex. All aircraft were forcibly sent to their original take-off locations.
The Kaspersky Antidrone uses artificial intelligence software, detecting UAVs promptly, determining its model and the location of the operator, as well as preventing airspace violations.
“Drone technology is now widely available, and we see it being used by militant groups, criminals, and ordinary troublemakers. Only recently, with the help of drones, a murder attempt (recognized as a terrorist attack) was carried on the Iraqi prime minister. In addition, in many countries, there are loose regulations in the operation of civilian UAVs. It also opens up a door for malicious use of drones,” said military expert Yuri Knutov to RT news.
On the other hand, ELTA’s Drone Guard, an Israeli multi-sensor multi-layer C-UAS (Counter Unmanned Aircraft System) solution developed for the military and homeland security market, “is user friendly and intuitive making it an ideal option for a wide range of users and agencies.”
ELTA, a partner of AIA, develops advanced defense and intelligence electronics, including sensors, radars, electronic warfare, and communication systems. Their products are used in many areas, including Intelligence, Surveillance, Target Acquisition and Reconnaissance (ISTAR); Electronic Warfare Systems; Homeland Security (HLS); Self-defense and Fire Control applications. They also use artificial intelligence and Deep Learning technologies.
Like the Kaspersky Antidrone system, ELTA’s Drone Guard can visually monitor a target and detect its communication frequency, enabling controllers to accurately identify a drone threat. In addition, the jammer enables the operator to deactivate the drone. According to AIA’s specifications, the Drone Guard can detect and track a drone up to 4.5 km (similar to Kaspersky’s system), and neutralize it in a range of 2km.
“We came early to this field, and we were one of the first,” said Igo Licht, Elta’s vice president of marketing. “With this asymmetric technology, you do one step and the enemy does another step; the system today is different than two years ago. In another year we will add additional features in [response to the] changing environment.”
The Russian counterpart has also had to deal with the changing environment. To do so, the Kaspersky Antidrone system uses several technologies, including a radio frequency detection module (provided by Rohde & Schwarz), Light Identification Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) laser scanner, and a small-sized radar station called Raccoon.
“Kaspersky Antidrone is a full-fledged system with artificial intelligence inside, which, in fact, requires only a power supply. For example, with a portable generator, our system can be deployed in a matter of minutes”, said Kleshnin, business development manager of Kaspersky.
“It is a completely autonomous and automated complex. A person can participate in management, but this is not necessary. He is only required to make a decision to turn on the neutralization module,” continued Kleshnin.